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风中劲草20年考研英语精选必背真题范文及必背素材

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风中劲草 20 年考研英语精选必背真题范文及必背素材  
关于本文档的使用  
本文档适合在后期冲刺提高作文水平使用。基础差的一般从背诵开始,模仿优秀的范文,特别是十大必背经典范文务必熟记于心。  
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、 精读:仔细阅读范文,欣赏并标出精彩的用词和句型,体会上下文中表达的精妙,提高对精彩语言的敏感度,要多写,多记。  
、 背诵:背精彩词汇,背精彩句型,背精彩句子,背精彩框架,背精彩段落,通过背诵完成从欣赏到掌握的过程,别人的变成自己的。  
、 默写:将背过的句子,段落默写下来,检查核对,看看是否精确掌握了每一个词汇。  
、 互译:中英、英中互译,再与原文核查核对,发现自己不足,纠正提高。使自己逐步写出规范的语言,达到和原文作者相似的水平。  
、效仿:在范文中学到的单词,词组,句型,框架放在新的语境下模仿创作,造句写作。在新的作文中保留一定闪光点。  
、 创作:学习优秀范文的框架,建立自己的模版,多背记相关素材。然后自己学习写作创新。  
第一部分:20 年真题满分范文(含十大必背经典)  
2010 年真题范文  
You are supposed to write for the Postgraduates’ Association a notice to recruit volunteers for an  
international conference on globalization. The notice should include the basic qualifications for applicants and  
the other information which you think is relative.  
范文一:(来自张剑真题解析)  
Recruitment Announcement  
Do you want to be part of a high-level international conference? Do you want to have close contact  
with world-famous scholars? Here comes your opportunity: becoming a volunteer for the 2010 international  
conference on globalization.  
The conference will open in China on Feb. 28 and our university has been luckily selected as the host from  
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0 top Chinese universities. It will be a great honor and also a challenge for us to organize such an important  
meeting, so in order to assure its success, 50 volunteers will be recruited from the students in our university. If  
you possess basic English-speaking ability, good communication skills, and tremendous working enthusiasm,  
you will be the ideal candidate we are looking for.  
What a great chance it is to display your talents! To seize such a marvelous opportunity, you just need to  
send your resume to our office in room 302 of the Teaching Building 5 before Feb. 12, 2010. If needing more  
details, please contact us at our telephone number 12345678.  
Postgraduates’Association  
范文二:(来自新东方王江涛)  
Volunteers Needed  
January 9, 2010  
To improve students’ ability and enrich extracurricular activities, the Postgraduate Association is  
recruiting volunteers for an international conference on globalization to be held on December 9, 2010 in  
Beijing. To begin with, applicants should have Chinese nationality, a strong professional spirit, cheerful  
personality and be aged under 35. In addition, candidates must have outstanding skills at English listening  
comprehension and the ability to speak Chinese and English fluently. Finally, students with relevant  
professional experience are preferred. Those graduate students who are interested in taking part in it may  
sign up with the monitor of their classes before February 1, 2010. Everybody is welcome to join in it. (107)  
Postgraduate Association  
范文三:(来自考研真相)  
Notice  
An International Conference on Globalization will be held next month, which will attract over 400  
businessmen, professionals and governmental leaders from all over the world. Volunteers are needed to  
provide service for the participants. Candidates must have strong skills at reading and writing in English,  
French or Spanish. Those who have good communication skills and relevant experience are preferred. If you  
are interested in joining this program to help us with the conference, please send, as soon as possible, your  
resume to volunteers@gmail.com.cn. Please specify your phone number and time available for the service.  
We will notify you our decision in two weeks.  
Postgraduates’ Association  
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大作文范文一(来自张剑真题解析)文化火锅  
The picture presents a steaming cultural hotpot”, which contains a variety of ingredients of  
culture, both ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign. These cultural ingredients, such as Swan Lake,  
Confucianism, and Einstein, are tremendously delicious and nutritious when combined together. What a  
great cultural feast! This drawing implies a prevailing trend the integration of global cultures and the  
co-existence of multi-cultures.  
The blend of worldwide cultures could become much “tasty”. Just as the vegetables or meat taste  
especially delicious when they are incorporated in a hotpot, cultures become extraordinarily pleasant to  
appreciate only when integrating. The integration provides an abundance of choices for people around the  
whole world, who may not only enjoy their own culture but also alien ones.  
The culture blending could also bring countless spiritual “nourishment” for human beings. Both  
Chinese and foreigners will benefit a lot from absorbing different cultures, which could be complementary  
to each other. For instance, Westerners could enrich their artistic understanding by means of learning Kong  
Fu or appreciating Peking Opera and Chinese could also improve their level of artistic appreciation  
through watching western classical ballet Swan Lake. Another case in point is that Chinese traditional  
philosophy, Confucianism, has been introduced, accepted and applied into practical use in the western  
world to boost the effectiveness of management; besides, the Enlightenment from the West help Chinese  
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to break the bonds of feudalism and supply the thought basis for China’s social changes in the end of 20  
Century. (244)  
范文二:(来自新东方王江涛)  
As is symbolically illustrated in the portrayal, there is a boiling hot pot containing various ingredients of  
multi-cultures. These pluralistic cultures can be categorized as celebrities home and abroad as Bi Sheng, Lao  
She, Shakespeare and Einstein, philosophical concepts as Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Goodness, ritual,  
humanism, Enlightenment, post-modernism and deconstruction, as well as performing arts as Beijing Opera,  
Gong Fu, Liang Zhu and Swan Lake. We are informed that the cultural “hot pot” is both delicious and nutritious.  
The purpose of the cartoonist is to show us that instead of being outdated and of little value in a rapidly  
modernizing world, cultural blending should be encouraged and maintained. On the one hand, mosaic cultures  
are part of the universal heritage of humanity and they are powerful means of bringing together diverse peoples  
and social groups. Consequently, cultural integration has become indispensable as a means of promoting further  
cultural development and maintenance. On the other hand, for China, as for any other rapidly developing  
country, there is a danger that age-old customs and traditions may become lost in the shadows of  
modernization. If Gong Fu, Beijing Opera or Swan Lake Ballet ever perished from the earth, it would be a  
tragedy of immeasurable proportions.  
In my view, multi-cultures can be kept alive by the people with the time to do so, and is extremely vital in  
ensuring a community’s future development and prosperity. As a consequence of successful commercialization  
efforts, unwavering government support and growing interests overseas, the future of cultural blending looks  
brighter and more secure than ever before.259)  
范文三:(来自考研真相)  
Mr. Mao Zedong, the former chairman of CPC, once called to let a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred  
schools of thought contend to promote the progress of the arts and the sciences and a flourishing culture in our  
land. This idea is vividly illustrated in the cartoon. In the picture, a great many of cultural elements, oriental  
and western alike, are cooked symbolically in a chafing-dish. The diversified components in the hot pot smell  
delicious and nutritious.  
Our attitude toward our own culture has recently been characterized by two qualities, braggadocio  
and vituperation. Braggadocio empty boasting of our power, our virtue, our social system in public has  
dominated our social policy now for some decades. Behind the scenes, among ourselves, so to speak our  
attitude to our culture expresses a superficially different spirit, the spirit of vituperation and debasement. Never  
before, perhaps, has a culture been so looked down upon, with everything from western countries beautiful and  
great. The cartoon, fortunately, provides a good solution to this dilemma: different cultures from various  
countries and societies can be combined and merged into a beautiful mosaic for the development of the  
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harmonious society, which will not only be good for the communication of ideas but also beneficial for the  
good understanding of different people all over the world.  
No culture can live if it attempts to be exclusive. I insist that we try our best to broaden our horizons  
and learn different cultures from various countries. There are about two reasons behind my belief. First and  
foremost, as the globalization is the new black in modern time, we should keep up with the pace. Secondly,  
we should understand other countries to contribute more to our nation. The melting pot ideology of different  
people, different beliefs, different yearnings, different hopes, different dreams could be subordinated to a larger  
ideology of social amalgam which is oriental global culture.311)  
2009 年真题范文  
Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “White Pollution” is still  
going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to 1) give your opinions briefly, and 2) make two  
or three suggestions.  
Dear editor,(来自张剑真题解析)  
I am a faithful reader of your newspaper and always appreciate your active reporting of the social  
problems. Therefore, I believe you will pay full attention to the situation that the plastic bags are still  
commonly used in some regions.  
In my opinion, the above situation can be improved only when restrictions play their effective role.  
Here are some suggestions to achieve it. The government should further strengthen the supervision and  
control of the production and circulation of plastic bags. What’s more, all social sectors should show their  
strong support. The shops can offer small gifts or discount to the customers who bring their own bags.  
Designers can design beautiful cloth bags to attract shoppers to use them.  
Since my own voice is too weak to be heard, I hope you can call on the public to reduce the use of the  
plastic bags.  
Yours sincerely  
Li Ming  
Dear editor,(来自王林考研真相)  
As a student majoring in environmental protection, it is a disappointment to find the government’s effort  
on bagging the plastic shopping bags has not been successful. After a six-month’s grace period, the restrictions  
took effect last June. Yet, “White pollution” is far from in the bag. Experts say we discarded over 100 billion  
plastic bags last year, 90 percent of which end up in rivers, oceans, or landfills, where they can take up to 1000  
years to decompose.  
To end this evil, a movement against the plastic bag should be carried out as soon as possible. The  
local government should make it illegal to offer plastic shopping bags. In the meantime, paper bags,  
degradable as they are, should also be banned. As making paper bags consumes millions of trees and it actually  
takes more energy to make paper bags than plastic. We should not trade one evil for another. Last but not  
least, we should encourage people to go green and to use reusable cloth bags when they need them.  
Yours sincerely  
Li Ming  
Dear editor,(来自考试分析)  
I’m a sincere reader of your newspaper and I like your discussion of the social problems. Now I want  
to give some opinions of myself about the “White Pollution”.  
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As we know, regulation was made to solve the problem in June 1 of 2008. The use of plastic bags was  
restricted in the supermarket and many other shops freely. At the beginning, it was carried on well, but now I  
found plastic bags were used in some small shops for free or with no pay.  
I am writing to tell you that we should solve this problem soon with the help of your newspaper. You  
could make some investigators about it and write some reports of it, so as to appeal to all the people’s  
attentions of our society.  
Sincerely,  
Li Ming  
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大作文范文一(来自考试分析,19 分范文)网络的近与远  
As is illustrated in the cartoon, each person sits in their own work room. In front of them is a computer.  
Everyone looks at the screen carefully, and communicate with their colleagues through the net instead of  
talking face to face. Their work places are placed like a net. And below the cartoon, there is a topic which  
says: the near and far among the Internet.  
From the cartoon, we can conclude that the cartoonist wants to convey such a message: with the  
popularity of computers, people from all over the world become nearer by using the internet to  
communicate with each other. Meanwhile, people also become far away from their friends. All of us accept  
the fact that the development of the internet brings lots of conveniences to our daily life, for instance, we can  
buy a book on the net instead of going to a bookstore. Besides, we can communicate with our friends on the net  
without going out of home. But we can’t ignore the other side of these: the time we spend with friends or  
family becomes less. And we hardly see them once in a week. It will make us feel lonely if we continue to use  
the tool on the net to talk with friends instead of talking with them on the phone or going out with them.  
To my best understanding, we should use the net to communicate with each other in a proper way. It is just  
a tool when we really need it to serve us. If we want to keep our friendship more effectively, we should spend  
more time with them in our real life. Only in this way can we not only make full use of the communication  
tool on the net but also make our friendship stronger.  
大作文范文二(来自张剑真题解析)  
An enormous net, which symbolizes the Internet, has connected together everyone---young and old, men  
and women. People from every corner of the world are keeping in touch with each other just by clicking the  
mouse and pressing keys on the keyboard. With its convenience and efficiency, the Internet is narrowing the  
distance between people in terms of both space and time.  
However the picture also shows: while the people enjoy surfing online, walls of barrier emerge unnoticed  
and restrict each one of them to a narrow space. As time spending on Internet is on the rise, face-to-face  
communication has experienced a rapid drop. And the reduction of contact in reality may result in feelings of  
distance and isolation. This can be illustrated by the example of a young couple who used to live a happy life.  
Since the third year of their marriage, they have got addicted to chatting online through QQ, each with a  
computer in a different room. As time passed by, the couple gradually lost the desire to talk with each other.  
Eventually, the increasing isolation between them led to the end of their marriage.  
Such vivid examples in our real life remind us that we shouldn’t over-rely on the Internet to  
communicate. Instead, we need to actively interact with others in social activities. After all, the virtual net  
world cannot be a substitute for the real world. So we must make use of the Internet judiciously and learn to  
respect the real people and real life.  
大作文范文三(来自王林考研真相)  
This cartoon humorously shows that a number of cybercafé habitués, semi-reclined in their dim cubicle  
before a magnificent screen, are surfing the web in a street-corner Internet café. In fact, the parlor is so  
crowded that it offers just enough elbow-room for them to log on the Net. Some of the surfers are seen playing  
Internet video games, or watching movies while others are talking in the chat rooms.  
What the picture conveys is far from what web users are doing in their virtual world. Instead it reveals a  
thought-provoking phenomenon. The fact that these netters who are sitting so close but have no interaction  
between each other indicates that the Internet, which has bought us instant information from a long distance, may  
alienate those who are close-by. In other words, modern technology, which has, undoubtedly, brought us a  
lot of convenience, may bring us curses. Since it takes only a computer with Internet connections to Web surf,  
or to play web games, more and more netters become indifferent and begin to live in solitude. They pay less and  
less attention to people and things around themselves. Besides, it is reported that a teenager has turned from a  
star student into a stung-out Internet addict in just a few months.  
In spite of this, we should not wean ourselves away from new technology. Specifically, we should take  
a positive attitude towards the Internet. On the one hand we can take advantage of the Internet to obtain the  
biggest sources of information from the Web and to talk with friends from afar; on the other hand netizens  
should aware of the weakness and disadvantages of cyberspace so as not to be addicted. Only in this way  
will we not be led by the nose, fall from grace and head for destruction.  
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2008 年真题范文  
You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to  
Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to make an apology, and suggest a solution.  
Dear Bob, (来自网络)  
I am writing to express my apology to you.  
Several days ago, I borrowed your music CD when I lived in your house. Unfortunately, after I came back  
from Canada, I found it in my luggage. I was in such a hurry that I forgot to return it to you. I will send it to  
you by post or express as soon as possible. If necessary, I will compensate for any troubles it may cause.  
Once again, I feel so sorry for any inconvenience caused. Please accept my apologies.  
Sincerely yours,  
Li Ming  
Dear Bob,(来自张剑真题解析)  
I am sorry about forgetting to return the music CD, which I borrowed from you last week. It was  
completely my fault. I was so busy preparing for my leave that it must have slipped my mind.  
To compensate for my carelessness, I have asked one of my friends, who will go to Canada for a visit next  
week, to bring the CD back to you. He will contact you as soon as he arrives there.  
Again, I would like to apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused you.  
Sincerely,  
Li Ming  
大作文范文一:(来自网络答案)你一条腿,我一条腿,你我一起,走南创北  
As is illustrated in the picture, the two disabled persons whose crippled legs are bound together do a lot of  
traveling. Accordingly, this far-reaching picture reflects a common phenomenon in today’s society: the  
people who are in the dark want to turn the corner but they can not make it respectively and in turn they have  
to choose to pull together in times of trouble.  
There are several reasons accounting for this. Since we have to live in an on-the-move lifestyle, we may  
encounter various plights, where we would be at a loss rather than to seek for others’ assistance. Further more,  
if we do not offer help to each other when we confront dilemma, we would not realize our dream. And no issue  
in China is as basic to build up the society in harmony as to conduct coordination in face of disasters.  
Judging from what have been argued above, people have come to realize the value of mutual aid. It is,  
therefore, necessary that some effective steps be made to advocate spirit of supporting each other. To begin  
with, the government should make laws to encourage people to unite. In addition, people should enhance the  
awareness of caring each other especially when they are in trouble. Only in those ways, can we make people,  
even not being acquaintance, help each other.  
大作文范文二:(来自张剑真题解析)--------十大经典之一  
One cannot help but be moved by the drawing. It is a miracle that two single-legged men should  
abandon their crutches they have to rely on. With the support of each other, they are striding confidently  
towards their common destination. The caption at the bottom states that they will travel extensively from  
north to south together with their combined legs.  
Just as the picture shows, even disabled people can make up a capable team, which is vividly illustrated  
by the beautiful dance Kwan-yin of 1,000 Hands performed by 20 disabled girls during the CCTV Spring  
Festival Gala. However, the deeper meaning conveyed by the drawing is that only through cooperation can we  
change disadvantages into advantages.  
In an increasingly inter-dependent society, personal competency alone is not sufficient. A single person  
or organization can seldom accomplish a task without the help of others. It is the cooperation based on the  
complementary advantages that will contribute to the ultimate success of a person or an organization. Today  
the spirit of cooperation is also very important for a country. The world is moving further toward political  
multi-polarization and economic globalization. To achieve the goal of win-win and the common development,  
China has been actively participating in the cooperation with other developing countries in various fields. In  
conclusion, cooperation is essential element of success.  
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2007 年真题范文  
Write a litter to your university library, making suggestions for improving its service.  
To Whom It May Concern,(新东方100 篇)  
As a student of this university, I would like to take the opportunity to express my appreciation for your  
kind assistance as always. Meanwhile, I feel that it would be beneficial to express my views concerning the  
quality of the library service.  
In the first place, I find that most keyboards of the library computers are in poor operation, which brings  
much inconvenience to the users. I would also recommend the library to improve the efficiency of purchasing  
new books and subscribing to academic journals. Last but not least, the study rooms need to be furnished  
with a better lighting system.  
I hope that you take my suggestions into serious consideration.  
Yours sincerely,  
Li Ming  
Dear Sir/Madam,(王江涛冲刺讲义)  
I am a student in this university who regularly come to the library to spend my spare time. Generally  
speaking, the services you offer here is quite good; however, I have some suggestions for you to adopt. And I  
would like to extend my greatest appreciation if you are so kind as to take my suggestions into consideration.  
To begin with, will you please prolong the time for reading? In the daytime, most of the students are  
having class, so they can not come to the library. Moreover, some of the books on shelves are out of date. If you  
are so kind as to provide us some books such as the latest magazines, we will be greatly honored.  
I really wish to have a more comfortable library. Thank you for your time and consideration.  
Sincerely yours  
Li Ming  
2007 年真题大作文范文一:自信是成功的关键---------十大经典之二  
This picture shows a critical moment that can occur in any soccer game—a players is about to kick the ball  
while the keeper is fully ready for the attack. Interestingly, the player and the keeper are experiencing quite  
opposite psychological processes: the player thinks the task is extremely difficult as the goal is quite small  
compared with the huge keeper, while the latter fears that the goal is too enormous for him to protect.  
It is conspicuously indicated that in order to gain confidence and achieve success, we not only need to  
attain a thorough understanding of our own merits and disadvantages of ourselves, but also those aspects of our  
opponents. Both the player and the keeper merely focus on their own faults and their counterparts’  
advantages, leading to their hesitation at the key time.  
In a recent interview of hurdler Liu Xiang, he revealed that his success is partly owed to his training team’s  
study of his strong competitors around the world, so that he can learn from the others and is more confident  
when facing any new race. Just as the ancient Chinese philosophical book The Art of War concludes, if you  
know yourself and your enemy, you’ll never lose a battle.  
大作文范文二:(来自张剑真题解析)  
The cartoon illustrates two football players confronting each other before a penalty kick. The kicker is getting ready to  
shoot on goal while the goalkeeper is about to defend the shot. At the critical moment, interestingly, both of them have lost  
heart. The attacker who exaggerates the power of his opponent feels anxious about his inability to shoot in. The defender  
minimizes himself, making it impossible for him to keep good guard.  
The message conveyed in the picture seems to be that people tend to underestimate their abilities and magnify their  
difficulties when confronted with challenges. The reason is that they are preoccupied with negative thoughts, which will  
damage their self belief, confidence and achievements. However, a strong positive attitude can lead to success and even  
create miracles.  
Numerous examples can demonstrate the power of a positive attitude. For instance, there is a fierce competition  
among high-school graduates in China to pass the National College Entrance Exam. It is not uncommon to find students with  
positive thinking often excel in the exam finally. Another case in point is Deng Yaping, the internationally famous athlete.  
She is very short, but becomes a legend in world table-tennis field. Her perseverance and strong will enable her to win not only  
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8 major world champions but also respects from all over the world.  
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2006 年真题范文:  
Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of  
child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.  
To Whom It May Concern, (XDF100 )  
My name is Li Ming, a college student of Peking University, and I am writing in the hope of your  
assistance to find a needy child for whom I may provide financial support.  
First and foremost I would like to declare that I possess the financial ability to implement this plan  
owing to my decent income from part-time jobs. As to the candidate, I am hoping that he/she comes from an  
elementary school of the less developed areas of Western China, who is forced out of school. I would like to  
pay for his/her tuition fee and other school expenses until he/she graduates from university.  
Thank you for your time.  
Yours cordially,  
Li Ming  
Dear Sir or Madam, (王江涛冲刺)  
Moved by the noble cause of Project Hope and encouraged by what has been achieved so far, I would like to contribute  
my bit to the project by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area of your province.  
I would be much grateful if you could help me seek out a girl who has just started schooling but whose family cannot  
afford her education. My plan is to pay for her tuition on an annual basis till she finishes her secondary education. I would  
like to remit my donation directly to a bank account opened by her family in her local area.  
大作文范文一:(XDF 讲义汪江涛 08 冲刺)--------十大经典必背范文之三  
As is vividly depicted in the photos above, Beckham, the handsome British football superstar, is enjoying a  
striking popularity among young people. In the first photo, Beckham’s name appears on a young man’s face.  
The caption indicates that worship for the idol is written on the face. In the second photo, this young man is  
doing Beckham’s chic hairstyle in a barbershop. We are informed that he is spending 300 Yuan imitating his  
idol’s hairstyle.  
Undoubtedly, the photos have subtly reflected the social phenomenon that idol worship is prevalent among  
the youth nowadays. Beckham represents the image of sport hero whose handsome appearance and  
unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans. Likewise, several teenage girls won  
their fame overnight in The 2005 Super Girl Contest in China, which provoked nationwide noisy debates on the  
value and harm of admiring these idols. Generally speaking, young people are inclined to adore the people  
who excel in appearance, intelligence or talent.  
Hence, idol worship, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert  
profound influence on the growth of young people. If we simply worship the idols by imitating their hairstyles  
or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of money or time,  
endangering the efficiency of our work. On the contrary, we will lead a positive and fruitful life if we  
endeavor to improve ourselves by bridging the gap between our models and us. Accordingly, the latter attitude  
should be adopted to direct our way of life. (255 )  
大作文范文二:(新东方 100 )  
The two pictures illustrate vividly the popularity of the famous British soccer star David Beckham. In the left picture a  
man painted Beckham’s name on his face to show his support for Beckham, while in the right another is willing to spend three  
hundred Yuan to have a hairstyle that is exactly the same as Beckham’s.  
From the two pictures we can sense a crazy tendency of idol worship in today’s China. Star fans, the majority of whom  
are teenagers and young adults, are used to blindly following every aspect of celebrities’ behavior, accepting both positive and  
negative influences as universal truths. Aside from Beckham, another telling example is the nation-wide “Super-Girl  
competitions” held in past two years in China. They were so successful in drawing fans’ attention and emotions that the ups  
and downs of the “super girls” had almost constituted the whole lives of their frenetic followers.  
Admittedly, it is natural that those cool and fashionable stars seem attractive to the youth. Nevertheless, it is the  
responsibility of our government and society to guide young people in building a wholesome outlook towards the world and  
life. In my opinion, what’s most important is to have them adore worthy values and qualities, such as honesty, diligence, and  
persistence.  
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2005 年真题范文  
Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Design & Fashion. But now you find that the work  
is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision,  
and stating your reason(s).  
Dear Mr. Wang, (新东方 100 )  
I am writing to inform you of my intention of withdrawing from my current position in this magazine.  
Though having worked here for merely two months, I, unfortunately, find that this job is quite different  
from my expectation. First of all, I have to say that my salary is far from satisfying, which barely sustains  
me in this expensive city. Moreover, so far I have never had the responsibility of any challenging task.  
I apologize in advance for any inconvenience it might bring to you.  
Yours truly,  
Li Ming  
Dear Mr. Wang,XDF 讲义汪江涛 08 冲刺)  
I am much grateful to be employed by you two months ago as an editor for your magazine Design &  
Fashions. I appreciate the opportunity of having worked here with you and other colleagues. The experiences  
will be unforgettable throughout my life.  
However, as a young man whose primary interest is in computer science rather than fashion designing, I  
find my present job doesn’t fall in with my previous training and strength. I therefore decide to quit this job for  
something else that may conform to my former preparation.  
Please accept my sincere apologies for any inconveniences my leaving may occur.  
大作文范文一(王江涛冲刺):养老足球赛---------十大经典之四  
As is vividly depicted in the cartoon, four children are playing a "football match" of taking care of their aged  
father. Each of them stands in a different corner of a football field. The eldest son kicked out the father with  
the other three children guarding their goals.  
The purpose of the drawing is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the mistreatment of senior  
citizens. First and foremost, some people shirk their duty of financially supporting their old and helpless  
parents due to their own interests. Furthermore, some elderly people are often ill-treated by their own children  
and cannot lead a normal life. Last but not least, while some young people enjoy a comfortable life, their  
parents are neglected and reduced to utter poverty.  
It is imperative for us to take drastic measures. To begin with, relevant laws and regulations should be  
made to severely punish those who shun the responsibilities of caring their parents. In addition, we should  
cultivate the awareness of the young that respecting the old has always been the traditional virtue of Chinese  
culture. Only in this way can we curb the current evil phenomenon revealed in the picture. (198)  
大作文范文二(新东方 100 篇):  
The cartoon displays a very special and thought-provoking soccer game: the four goals are kept by an  
old man’s three sons and one daughter, while the old man himself becomes the ball, being kicked among the  
four corners by his “beloved” children. It is clearly indicated that none of them is willing to spare a tiny  
portion of time and money to repay their old father who have raised them.  
Through the artistic presentation, we can be easily reminded of a popular phenomenon in today’s  
society, that is, disrespect towards elders and shirking of the responsibility of nursing aging parents. The  
boosting economic development in China sadly witnesses a deterioration of the public awareness of filial duty,  
which had taken an indispensable position in traditional Chinese values for thousands of years. However, as the  
society grows more benefit-oriented, the once unbroken bond between parents and children is fundamentally  
shaken and begins to collapse.  
In my point of view, the trend goes quite against the genuine and original purpose of our pursuit of  
wealth and welfare, that is, to shape a rich life both materially and mentally. Thinking of the love we  
received from our parents when swaggering babies, we must realize that repaying parents by a happy life with  
financial and psychological support is not only a duty that should not be shrugged off, but a key element to  
achieve a harmonious society.  
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大作文范文三(新东方汪海涛范文)  
The cartoon vividly depicts an intense football match with participants involving an old father, his three  
sons and his daughter. What makes the cartoon surprising lies in the fact that all the children play the role of  
goalkeepers in all four corners, while the father crouches into the shape of a football? As the football rolls to  
each corner, the goalkeeper tries to block its way and kick it away.  
Undoubtedly, the picture arouses deep concern over the issue of caring for old parents. Nowadays, Chinese  
family system is dominated by nuclear family and DINK style. The senior citizens tend to suffer from all sorts  
of diseases and have no means to support themselves, but the children are so self-centered that some of them  
shirk the responsibility of supporting their parents. Even worse, some children have betrayed their own  
conscience to ill-treat parents.  
Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some effective measures. On the one hand, we should appeal  
to our governments to make concrete laws to protect the parents’ legal rights and punish those cold-blooded  
children. On the other hand, we should enhance people’s awareness that caring for the aged is the traditional  
virtue of Chinese culture. More importantly, we should not only support the parents financially but also  
care about their emotional need. The popular song “Back Home Regularly” has reflected such a public appeal.  
Only in this way that parents can lead an enjoyable and comfortable life in their late years. Also I believe  
that compatible family relationships to some extent contribute to build a harmonious society.  
2004 年真题范文(新东方汪海涛范文)终点又是新起点十大经典之五  
It is vividly depicted in the cartoon that a boy is running along the racetrack with pains-taking efforts, sweat  
pouring down his face. After a long journey, he is making the final spurt toward the finishing line, with firm  
resolution to become the champion. It seems that he could rest for a while to enjoy the ecstasy of victory.  
However, straight ahead lies a sign which indicates a new "starting point" and urges him to continue rushing  
to the next destination.  
Undoubtedly the cartoon conveys the meaning that life is like the process of running in which one should  
make constant efforts and never stop making progress. Owing to the quickening pace of life, competition  
goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another. Once a  
person stops making progress, he can hardly maintain his past glory and survive in this competitive world.  
As Deng Xiaoping, the great Chinese leader said, "Development is the only way." No matter how powerful a  
country is, no matter how successful a specific institution, it will definitely seek new development in high  
speed. Generally speaking, neither a country nor a person can remain stagnant.  
A case in point is the successful launching of "Shenzhou V Spacecraft" which sets china in a high position of  
aviation and space flight. Although it means a great achievement for us Chinese, we are facing new challenges  
in the future and need to do further research in space technology. Another illustration is closely related to us,  
the examinees. If we pass this test and are fortunately admitted by a university, we shall not stop making  
efforts. Instead, we are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses. We still  
have to strive for success in our future academic study, employment and career. On the whole, these examples  
effectively clarify the saying that "destination is another starting point." (317)讲  
大作文范文二(新东方 19 分范文)  
As is shown in the picture, on arriving at the finishing line of a race on the playground, the lovely young man  
has to continue his new journey in no time instead of stopping to take a rest. He has successfully settled the  
puzzle of “stopping or going on” which might have confused many others.  
With the increasing pace of modern life, perhaps no change has characterized the past decade more  
dramatically than that of people’s view on their own life. It is generally agreed upon that people have to  
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adjust themselves to this new change. On the one hand, no doubt, people will gain a lot by setting new goals  
in their daily life. Take the famous scientist Thomas Edison for example. He had done very well in his early life,  
but continued to pursue something more difficult all through his life. On the other hand, if one is obsessed  
with the success he has achieved, he would lose the chance to pursue new success. What is more, he may  
become the slave of his success. There are many cases showing that people lose their courage to better  
themselves after becoming successful.  
To sum up, one’s view on his success determines his future. In my opinion, it is necessary to carry out a  
nation-wide campaign publicizing people who have a burning desire for more and ever greater  
achievement when they are already well-known. So that people in the society will develop a forward-looking  
attitude and make their life worth living and the world more beautiful as well.  
2003 年真题范文(新东方汪海涛范文)温室花朵不禁风雨十大经典之六  
The set of drawings above vividly depicts the destiny of a flower in different circumstances. As is shown in  
the first cartoon, the flower is placed in a comfortable greenhouse which shelters it from the threatening  
lightening and storm. With proper temperature, moisture and fertilizer, the flower is growing in full bloom.  
On the contrary, when removed from the greenhouse and exposed to the driving rain, the flower soon fades  
and withers, with the petals cast about on the grounds.  
The purpose of the drawings is to show us that the flower growing in the green house cannot withstand the  
test of the storm, yet the symbolic meanings subtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. The delicate  
flower is naturally associated with young people, to be specific, the only children in our current society; the  
greenhouse epitomizes parents' doting care and abundant material supplies that can shield the children from  
the storms, or the harsh reality. Once the young people begin to seek independence and accept challenges from  
the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties.  
Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought-provoking drawings. On  
the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten the youth to be more independent in life. On the  
other hand, parents should be sensible enough to give their children more freedom to deal with troubles and  
problems. Only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong  
personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world. (272)对照  
学生满分范文修正版:(何钢课堂讲)  
There is no denying that the purpose of the pictures is to reveal us a common and serious problem in  
China: how to educate and bring up children. In the picture one, the flower blooms in the greenhouse despite the  
storm outside. On the contrary, it perishes under the storm when put outside. It can be seen that the flower in  
the greenhouse can not withstand the storm.  
Nowadays the younger generation in China, like the flower in the greenhouse, lives under the full protection of  
their parents. Parents want to show all their love to their children. They give their children all the best things  
they can afford and do not let their children do anything at home. Self-centeredness and arbitrariness have  
become a trait of the young. Once leaving their parents, many young people cannot make a living of their own.  
They get lost when stepping into the complex reality and cannot face any hardships and difficulties.  
Child education has become one of the most popular topics discussed not only by educational experts, but also  
by people in all walks of life. The failure of child education does more harm to the development of our society  
and our civilization than to the children themselves. Thus, it is high time that parents, educators and the  
government made concerted efforts to put an end to this situation.  
2
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2002 年真题范文(新东方汪海涛范文)中国与世界的文化交流十大经典之七  
The picture vividly depicts a lovely American girl in traditional Chinese costume with a sweet smile on her  
face. She wears ribbons, necklaces and other accessories that are characteristic of the clothes of a certain  
Chinese minority group. Undoubtedly, the costume has added oriental charm to her beautiful appearance.  
What the picture conveys goes far beyond only a new fashion trend. Instead, it carries cultural meanings.  
The fact that people from different countries are attracted to mysterious Chinese culture indicates that to  
some extent a culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally. In other words, a  
nation's unique culture can become international through worldwide economic and cultural exchanges. Since  
the trend of globalization become irresistible, cultural communication can effectively improve mutual  
understanding and friendship.  
In my opinion, national culture, as priceless spiritual treasure, should be preserved and cherished. Meanwhile,  
there are good reasons to advocate international culture, for those ideas from the other cultures, controversial  
or even absurd at first sight, can provide a different perspective for us to observe the world in the long run.  
However, when we are confronted with a different culture, we should be sensible enough to absorb its essence  
and to resist its dark side. Only in this way can we promote cultural development positively and make our  
world dimensional, colorful and vigorous. (220)25 分  
新东方满分作文:  
Nowadays, “national culture or international culture” has become a matter of great concern for the  
general public in our society, especially for those who are confronted with this problem. Now let’s take a look  
at the American girl in traditional Chinese costume. She looks very beautiful with a nice smile on her face. It  
seems that the girl is very fond of the Chinese costume.  
Obviously, the picture indicates that a culture of one nation may become international, which is  
beneficial to all the human beings. Since China has opened its door widely to the outside world, many people  
from different countries want to visit China. They will accept and love the Chinese culture as a whole. In  
addition, Chinese culture should be well shared with foreign people who have shown their great interest in it.  
Meanwhile, the Chinese people are also exposed to foreign cultures when more foreign people come to China.  
In this way people from various nations in the world will be able to acquire better understanding of each  
other and live peacefully in this world.  
My opinion about this cultural phenomenon is that a national culture should become international.  
This is because the culture of any nation is a kind of precious heritage, and belongs to the whole mankind.  
2001 年真题范文爱心是一盏灯  
When we use the word "love", we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex, which is  
a very narrow definition of the word. The picture below illustrates the real meaning of love, by stressing  
the fact that love is emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us  
becomes. In fact, throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the noblest of  
human emotions.  
As an example of the power of love, we should remember how the Chinese people of all nationalities respond  
to the call to help the victims of natural disasters every year. Although their incomes are still low by  
international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can — be it  
money or goods — to help their needy fellow citizens. Moreover, they do this with no thought of gain for  
themselves.  
In my opinion, the best way to show love is to help people who are more unfortunate than we are. We should  
always be ready to give a helping hand to those who are in trouble, no matter whether they are family  
members or complete strangers. In this way, we can help to make the world a better place, for, as the picture  
shows, the darker the shadows of sorrow become, the more brightly the lamp of love shines. (232 )胡  
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01 满分范文修正版:(何钢课堂讲、王海涛讲)十大经典之八  
There is probably no other feeling that is nobler than love. Everybody not only needs love, but also should  
give others love. As can be seen from the picture, “love is a lamp which is brighter in darker places.” This is  
indeed true. Those who in darker places need more light than other people. Maybe even a dim light can give  
them much hope for a better life. Maybe just a thread of light will call forth their strength and courage to  
help them step out of their difficulties.  
I can think of no better illustration of this idea than the following examples. For instance when someone is  
starving to death, just a little food and water from you may save his (her) life. Again, when a little girl in a poor  
rural area drops out of school because of poverty, just a small sum of money from you may support her to  
finish her schooling and change her life. In these cases, you have given love which is like a lamp in a dark  
place where light is most needed.  
To sum up, we should offer our help to all the needed. We expect to get love from others and we also give love  
to others. So when you see someone in difficulty or in distress and in need of help, don’t hesitate to give your  
love to him (her). I believe then the relationship between people will be harmonious and our society will be  
a better place for us to live in.  
2000 年真题范文(新东方汪海涛范文)过度捕鱼比较图十大经典之九  
As is shown in the pictures, with the rampancy of commercial fishing, the number of fishes dramatically  
decreased. In picture one, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 1900. On the  
contrary, in 1995 there was only one fish, but many fishing-boats.  
The purpose of the pictures is to show us that due attention has to be paid to the reduction of ocean  
resources. Owing to over-fishing the number of fishes has obviously dropped. If we let this situation go as it  
is, we do not know where fish will be in the future. By that time, our environment will suffer a great  
destruction.  
Therefore, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our  
authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the  
awareness of people that the ocean resources are vital to us. Only in this way can we protect our ocean  
resources. Also I believe that we humans can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a brighter future.  
新东方冲刺满分范文  
The picture unveils a drastic change of ocean ecology during the past century due to the expanding scale of  
world commercial fishing. There were few fishing ships on the sea in 1900 when an enormous number of fish  
swam freely; in contrast, in 1995 a large fleet of ships were endeavoring to search for the only fish in the sea.  
The tremendous contrast presented by the drawing alarmingly reminds us of the detrimental deterioration  
of oceanic ecosystem by the greediness of mankind. The industry of commercial fishing had undergone a  
booming expansion along with the growing public awareness of the merits of seafood, which made fishing  
unusually profitable. Lacking knowledge regarding the significance of ecological balance, businessmen sent  
out ships that insatiably chased fishes and thus posed a severe threat to all life in the sea. However, this trend  
may in turn endanger humankind.  
To prevent the exhaustion of ocean resources, governments should unite to work out effective measures  
against commercial fishing. For instance, there should be limitations on fishing time and location so as to  
reduce the exploitation of the sea. Moreover, people also call for laws and regulations that are responsible for  
punishing excessive fishing. Last but not the least, the public attachment to the importance of balance  
preservation would play a decisive role in saving ocean species from extinction.  
2
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1999 年真题范文人口发展与动物生态平衡曲线(胡敏)十大经典之十  
The two charts show that the increase in the U.S. population has been accompanied by a corresponding  
decline in the number of wildlife species. Far too many species have been lost already. This poses a danger to  
the ecological balance.  
As the human population expands, wild animals in mounting numbers are hunted for food, or because they  
are thought to present a threat to man. But studies show that one of the primary causes of the disappearance  
of wildlife is pollution, which is one of the consequences of population growth and economic development.  
This makes us wonder if men are able to share this planet in harmony with other life forms.  
In my opinion, it is imperative for us to take steps to reverse the disturbing trend illustrated in the charts.  
One measure would be to forbid the building of cities in areas where wild life is threatened with extinction.  
But, more importantly, men must learn to stop polluting the environment, or he himself will be extinct. (167)  
学生满分作文修订版(何钢课堂讲)14 分修改  
From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of  
species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.  
Why does this phenomenon take place? There are several possible reasons accounting for this. To begin  
with, as the human population expands, people in growing numbers came to live where some wild species  
have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably cannot adapt to the  
new environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people  
may look on them as living meet and walking fur. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get  
more money. Even worse, owing to the development of the industry, the natural balance and the ecological  
environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife becomes  
homeless and extinct.  
In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. On the one hand, strict laws must make to prevent  
them from being caught and killed. On the other hand, the governments should educate people to love the  
nature and protect it. Last but not least, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living  
environment.(背这些措施)  
1998 年真题范文  
汪江涛补充范文一  
As can be seen from the humorous cartoon, a hen, while laying eggs, is proudly promising that her eggs are  
all normal and oval-shaped rather than twisted. Besides, they all consist of shells, egg whites and yokes. Since  
the hen is emphasizing a simple fact known to everyone, the promise sounds rather meaningless and queer.  
Undoubtedly, the drawing has symbolically revealed a serious problem in our daily life, the widespread  
meaningless promises made by people from all walks of life. In particular, some profit-driven enterprises take  
advantage of such promises to win people’s trust and favor. Although their products have nothing to  
recommend, they present misleading advertisements and deceptive descriptions to exaggerate their ordinary  
work. Similarly, some individuals, obsessed with fame and success, try every means to publicize their deeds,  
but actually they are just assuming their duties. Such empty promises and boasts will definitely do great harm  
to people as well as to the society.  
Hence, Measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous practices. For one thing, authorities should  
establish some regulations to prohibit enterprises and people from making such promises. For another,  
people should get ready to pass criticism upon empty promises anytime and anywhere. After all, it is  
imperative to develop our society by performing hard work instead of talking nonsense. (215)  
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98 新东方范文二  
In this cartoon, a hen is assuring the public that the eggs she lays are completely round, without any square  
corners, and that they all have shells and yolks. It seems amusing for the hen to be taking credit for doing  
nothing more than her duty——to lay ordinary eggs. But there is a deeper social message in this cartoon.  
Recently it has become common for people in many walks of life to make a lot of high-sounding promises.  
For instance, administration departments promise efficient performance of their tasks, without any bribery  
involved. Again, commercial enterprises promise to provide excellent products at reasonable prices and with  
warm service. At first, we feel that we should thank them for making extra efforts on our behalf; but, upon  
reflection, we realize that they all have a basic responsibility to do things that they promise.  
Good wine needs no bush.” If businesses and administration do their jobs properly and serve the people, they  
will prosper without having to make a lot of meaningless promises.  
98 范文三(满分作文):  
The past several years have witnessed a phenomenon that a variety of promises have been arising from all  
walks of life. Regrettably, quite a lot of promises are sheer nonsense, just as the hen in the given cartoon  
commits herself to lay eggs which are round without angles and corners and have shells, egg whites and yolks.  
Odds and funny as they sound, such false promises can be seen and heard everywhere in our country.  
Administration departments assure to perform their tasks effectively and fairly without taking any bribes;  
manufacturing units guarantee to turn out products of good quality; commercial enterprises swear to  
provide genuine commodities and polite and enthusiastic services. Can you find anything new and substantial  
other than their obligations, duties and jobs in these so called promises? I guess your answer will be negative.  
As a matter of fact, their intention to make such commitments is nothing but to put on civilized outer  
clothing to please or deceive the public.  
I dare say that your society is suffering corruption and cheat which are causing damage to society both  
materially and morally. But the hen and her like should know that by dishonest words no one can survive the  
intense competition under market economy system. They should remember the old saying, “Honesty is the best  
policy”.  
1997 年范文 04 年大纲样题  
The majority of people would agree that cigarette smoking has caused serious problems. Yet the tobacco  
corporations insist that they contribute greatly to the world economy by paying taxes to the government and  
employing hundreds of workers.  
Personally, I assume that cigarette production and consumption threatens to do more harm than good. To  
begin with, smoking is responsible for many fatal diseases such as lung cancer, heart attacks, to name only a  
few. According to the recent survey, tobacco consumers account for about 20% of the world population, and  
among them, three million people die from smoking-related illnesses every year. The fact that the output of  
tobacco production is reduced from 14.364 billion pounds in 1994 to 14.2 billion pounds in 1995 also indicates  
that people have come to realize the negative effects of smoking. In addition, tobacco consumption is  
extremely wasteful of money. As is indicated in the pictures, 200 billion US dollars is lost due to smoking  
every year. Obviously, the total loss of money around the globe substantially exceeds the gain in industry.  
In conclusion, as the economic development aims at making our life better, we cannot sacrifice our health for  
short-term financial benefits. If we have to spend more and more money providing medical services for those  
who suffer from smoking-related illnesses, the notion of promoting economy via tobacco production is not  
justifiable. It is high time that we fought for the total tobacco ban.(新东方汪海涛讲)  
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1997 年真题范文一  
We meet smokers everywhere: in the streets, on college campuses and in shops. There are 5.8 billion people in  
the world, and the smokers are about 1.1 billion, which makes up 20 percent of the world’s total population.  
Smoking is very harmful. I think there are two main aspects to the damage. First, smoking consumes a great  
deal of money. As is shown in the pictorial graph, smoking wastes 200 billion dollars and it is the main cause of  
lung cancer. About 3 million people die because of the relevant diseases derived from smoking every year.  
Because more and more people are aware of the great harm of smoking to humans, the amount of tobacco  
consumption is on the decrease. Form the following figures we can clearly see the tendency. The total  
amount of world tobacco production added up to 14.364 billion pounds in 1994, but it dropped to 14.2 billion  
pounds in 1995. At the same time, many countries call on people to give up smoking. So it is certain that the  
number of smokers is to decrease.  
1997 年范文二  
Tobacco is one of the commodities that are consumed in an immense amount worldwide. From the pictures,  
we can learn that the global smoking population amounts to 1.1 billion, approximately 20% of all the  
worlds’ residents. 200 billion dollars are spent annually in order to purchase tobacco and relevant products,  
which further stimulate the business’ flourishing development. Meanwhile, the harm caused by tobacco  
consumption is experiencing a similar upward trend—statistics indicates that 3,000,000 people die of smoking  
and related diseases every year.  
Nevertheless, given the pessimistic statistics at the present, we can still predict optimistically that tobacco  
consumption will decline based on several new tendencies that are emerging. In the first place, there is an  
extensive public awareness of the negative impact of smoking, and as a result, more people resist the  
temptation of cigarettes. In the second place, governments are setting more regulations to limit tobacco  
production. The effectiveness of such a policy was testified by the prompt drop of the tobacco production from  
1
4.364 billion in 1994 pounds to 14.2 billion pounds in 1995 as seen in the picture.  
In short, I firmly believe that, with the efforts of the whole society, we can launch more movements to  
realize a cleaner world with less smoking.  
1996 年真题范文:运动与健康 GOOD HEALTH  
The desire for good health is universal. With the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing  
pressure, people in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems. It is universally  
acknowledged that good health is the key to a happy life and a successful career.  
There are numerous ways of keeping fit. First and foremost, it is most effective to do physical exercises.  
People respectively choose jogging, playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular  
exercises in that exercises never fail to make us stronger and more energetic. Moreover, we should put great  
emphasis on forming good habits. A balanced diet and sufficient sleep are both indispensable to physical  
fitness. More importantly, mental health should also be taken seriously. Especially in adversity, we need to  
maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’s pain and sorrow, twists and turns.  
As far as I am concerned, I have a peculiar interest in yoga exercise. An hour’s exercise every day usually  
makes me feel healthier and more vigorous. Besides, I never touch any cigarette or wine; neither do I stay up late.  
Instead, I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’clock at night for I suppose burring the midnight oil is  
harmful to health. What is more, an optimistic attitude toward life makes me confident and persistent. To  
sum up, all these practices guarantee a fit health and a happy life. (236)  
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1995 年真题范文:爱心 THE “PROJECT HOPE”  
Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country. Without a well-educated  
population, China will not be able to achieve its planned economic growth, catch up with the developed  
nations technologically or improve the living standards of its people. Yet, according to recent statistics,  
there are over two million children in China who have dropped out of school because their parents are too  
poor to pay the fees.  
At the moment, the authority has too many things to do as it build up the economy, and cannot afford the  
money needed to get those children back to school. And so a nationwide drive is necessary to raise funds to  
rescue them from illiteracy and ignorance. That drive is called the “Project Hope”. The project is a timely  
response to the problem, and many children living in the poverty-stricken parts of China now have a more  
brilliant future because of the generosity of the people who have donated money to it.  
Nevertheless, the “Project Hope” is only a temporary measure, and not a permanent solution. What is needed  
is a properly funded education system so that all children can be guaranteed an education which will equip  
them to play their roles to the full in the modernization of China. (211)  
1994 年真题范文:友谊 ON MAKING FRIENDS  
As a human being, one can hardly do without a friend. In fact, friends are sometimes more vital and useful  
to us than our own family members. Our joys are more pleasant when we have a friend to share them; and our  
sorrows are easier to bear if we have a friend at our side. Indeed, we sometimes find it easier to confide in  
friends when we have secrets we are reluctant to reveal to even our closest relatives.  
Unfortunately, not all the people we are accustomed to calling friends are friends in the true sense of the  
word; most of the people we share social occasions with are merely acquaintances. Real friendship involves  
sincerity, mutual trust and self-sacrifice, both in moments of happiness and on occasions of crisis. A true friend  
will not just tell us what we want to hear, but advise us to do what he or she assumes is really best for us in the  
long run.  
My principle in making friends is to ignore things like what work they do and what their social backgrounds  
are, but, instead, to observe carefully the little things that reveal their characters. Only in this way can I be  
sure that these friends will never let me down, and that we will always be ready to help each other no matter  
what problems crop up. (226)  
1994 年真题范文二:  
As a proverb goes, a life without a friend is a life without a sun. It is true that everybody needs friends.  
Namely, without a friend, you’ll feel lonely and gloomy. Suppose you are in trouble, whom will you turn to  
for help if you have no friend? And you may also want to share your feelings and communicate your opinions  
with someone. In this case we find it necessary to make friends.  
It goes without saying that a friend in need is a friend indeed. A friend should be one you can turn to for help,  
one who likes to share joy and hardships with you, one you can trust and one who won’t turn his back on you. A  
friend may argue with you but never lose temper. A devoted friend should keep in contact with you even he  
lives elsewhere. Quite some people try to make more friends if he lives elsewhere. Quite some people try to  
make more friends with those who can offer help. The result is that friendship often lasts until they are of no  
use to each other.  
As far as I am concerned, I like to choose friends mainly according to their characters rather than their  
social position or their money. I like to make friends with those who have something in common with me or  
have the merits I do not have. We shall help each other to improve our studies and work and be always ready  
to help each other. What is more, friends should be honest and reliable.  
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1993 年真题范文:电视广告 ADVERTISEMENT ON TV  
Today, advertisements in mounting numbers are appearing on the TV screen. They are not only shown  
before and after all kind of programs——news, weather forecasts, quiz shows, and so on——but even interrupt  
dramas and movies, and annoy the viewers.  
The factors for this phenomenon are that, to begin with, TV is most efficient and rapid way of disseminating  
information. As China develops its highly competitive market economy, manufactures and sales people need  
to inform the general public of the latest commodities that are available. Furthermore, TV stations use the  
money that they earn from showing the advertisements to produce more programs. Last but not least, it is  
necessary to keep consumers informed of the range of products that they may choose from.  
Accordingly, advertisements on TV serve three useful purposes. Nevertheless, the TV stations should avoid  
showing advertisements which are of poor quality and make sure that advertisements do not appear so  
frequently that they spoil the viewers’ enjoyment of his or her favorite programs. (167)  
1992 年真题范文:代沟 FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN PARENT AND CHILD  
Nowadays there is often a lack of understanding between parent and child. As children get older, they become  
less eager to communicate with their parents, and a so-called “generation gap” is formed.  
There are many causes for this. First of all, parents tend to be conservative and satisfied with what they have,  
while children are always keen to experience something new, and are quick to adopt new fashions and ways of  
thinking. Parents, because they have a better understanding of the dangers in society, criticize their  
youngsters’’ behavior and are reluctant to let them have their own way. At the same time, children regard  
their parents as old-fashioned and ignorant of the modern world.  
To dispel such misunderstanding, I reckon that parents should realize that their their children do not need  
constant protection so much as help to stand on their own feet as independent young people. Meanwhile,  
children should recognize that their parents have a wealth of experience, and appreciate their advice and  
assistance. (165)  
1991 年真题范文:住哪里-城乡差别 WHERE TO LIVE---IN THE CITY OR THE COUNTRY?  
Many people appreciate the conveniences of the city. The city offers a wide choice of jobs for adults and  
schools for children. It also provides plenty of facilities for culture, entertainment and recreation—restaurants,  
department stores, cinemas, and so on. Besides, transportation is usually well developed in the city, with a  
variety of modes of travel, including buses, trams and subways.  
In the country, on the other hand, one can enjoy the advantages of fresh air and food, and a more relaxed  
life style. Housing is usually spacious and inexpensive in the country. And, as for recreation, what could be  
more relaxing than a stroll down a country lane amid beautiful scenery?  
Conversely, there are disadvantages to living in either the city or the country. City air tends to be polluted,  
and the streets are always crowded and noisy. In the country, by contrast, the lack of stimulating activities can  
make a person feel bored and isolated.  
All in all, I would say that living in the city is best, for the convenience the city offers in terms of education  
and work; after all, one can always spend vacations in the country——and get the best of both. (198)  
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第二部分 精选必背作文素材  
第一节:九大原则词汇。来自《托福作文高分技巧》,吴建业编。九大原则词汇是展开思路用的。我们在写作文的时候  
没有办法展开的时候就可以按这九大原则展开。比如说偶像崇拜,离不开浪费钱,浪费时间,在文化方面有什么好处,  
在健康方面心理方面有什么影响,等等,这样就有话说。所以记忆这些万金油式的保底词汇是非常必要的。  
第一节:九大原则词汇  
一、金钱原则词汇  
危及 endanger vt  
精力充沛的 energetic adj.  
传染病 epidemics  
天赋 inherence  
n.  
资产 asset v.  
本能的 instinctive adj.  
智商 intelligence quotient  
有文化 literacy  
浪费 be extravagant  
预算 budget n.  
根除 eradicate vt.  
使恶化 exasperate vt.  
过量摄入 excessive intake  
排气 exhaust  
消费品 consumer goods  
贵重的 costly a.  
掌握 master vt.  
值得称赞的品质 merit n.  
激情 passion n.  
存钱 deposit vt.  
经济负担 economic burden  
经济困难 economic difficulty  
花费 expend vt.  
疲劳 fatigue n.  
观点 perspective n.  
高脂肪高热量 high fat and calorie  
免疫的 immune  
充分发挥 put into great play  
素质教育 quality education  
荒谬的 ridiculous adj.  
生存能力 survival ability  
依赖科技的technology-dependent adj.  
奢侈的 extravagant a.  
绝症 incurable disease  
消化不良 indigestion  
懒惰的 indolent adj.  
传染病 infectious disease  
失眠症 insomnia n.  
垃圾食品 junk food  
慢跑 jog  
资助 finance  
n. 接受某人的资助  
经济资助 finance aid 给某人经济资助  
资金紧张 finance strain 某部门资金紧张  
政府税收 government revenue  
医疗保健 healthcare 政府的医疗保健  
无家可归 homeless  
远程教育 tele-education  
n.  
思维模式 thinking pattern  
智慧 wit  
n.  
四、文化原则词汇  
饥饿 hunger n.  
预期寿命 life expectancy  
减肥 lose weight  
传统与现代巧妙结合 a clever blend of  
traditional and modern  
同一的世界文化 a homogenous world  
culture  
收入 income n.  
保险 insurance n.  
疾病 malady  
投资 invest v.  
营养不良 malnutrition  
医学的 medical  
失业者 jobless n.  
归属感 a sense of belonging  
土著文化 aboriginal culture  
吸取精华 absorb the quintessence  
吸收 absorb  
下岗工人 laid-off worker  
滥用 lavish v.  
近视 near-sighted  
营养品 nourishment n.  
器官移植 organ transplant  
超重 overweight  
有限的公共资金 limited public funds  
赚钱的 lucrative a.  
美学价值 aesthetic  
豪华的 luxurious a.  
挥霍 money-consuming a.  
拜金主义的 money-oriented a.  
必需品 necessity n.  
贫困的 needy a.  
预防 prevention  
祖先 ancestor  
治疗 treatment  
古代的 ancient  
肿瘤 tumor  
人类学家 anthropologists  
陈旧观念 antiquated idea  
艺术价值 artistic value  
同化 assimilate vt.  
提供营养 nourish  
卡路里 calorie  
透支 overdraft v.  
饥饿 starvation  
抵押 pawn v.  
营养不良 malnutrition  
三、智力原则词汇  
丰富的  
be abundant adj.  
财产 property  
传递 be passed down  
灿烂光辉的文化 brilliant and gorgeous  
culture  
节约紧缩开支 retrench vi.  
赢利的 profitable a.  
津贴 subsidize v.  
表达能力 ability of expression  
洞察力 acumen  
熟练的 adept  
发扬光大 carry forward  
著名的 celebrated  
纳税人 taxpayer  
赏识 appreciate vt.  
评价 assessment n.  
福利 welfare  
特有的 characteristic adj  
文明的 civilized adj.  
凝聚力 cohesion n.  
二、健康原则词汇  
智力 brains  
n
有氧运动 aerobic exercise  
平衡饮食 balanced diet  
有害健康的 be physically damaging  
过于肥胖的 bloated  
发挥才干 bring into the talents  
证书 certificate  
n.  
文化摇篮 cradle of culture  
培养 cultivate vt.  
创造性的 creative  
培养 cultivate vt.  
adj  
n.  
文化习惯 cultural habit  
文化遗产 cultural heritage  
文化特性 cultural identity  
文化古迹 cultural objects and historic  
relics  
致癌的 cancer-causing  
识别力 discernment  
食肉类的 carnivorous  
慢性的 chronic  
adj  
天资 endowment n.  
开发 explore vt.  
方便食品 convenience food  
治愈 cure  
幻想的 fantastic adj.  
理想主义 idealism n.  
个性 individuality n.  
文化、精神和学术生活 cultural, spiritual,  
and intellectual life  
头昏眼花的 dizzy  
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狂热的崇拜 cult  
破坏 devastate  
n.  
vt.  
恰当的指引 proper guidance  
合理化 rationalization  
确立  
establishment n.  
被迫  
force  
vt.  
知识的传播 diffusion  
多样性 diversity n.  
n.  
抵挡住诱惑 resist the temptation  
危险的行为 risky behaviors  
行为榜样 role model  
合理的  
限制  
legality adj.  
limit  
n./vt.  
民族文化特色 ethnic and cultural identity  
节日气氛 festivity n.  
压力  
pressure n.  
privacy n.  
righteous  
单亲家庭 single-parent family  
隐私  
民间艺术 folk art  
宠坏的 spoiled  
adj.  
正直的  
adj.  
文化全球一体化 globalization of culture  
博大精深 great and profound  
手工艺 handicraft n.  
密切家庭感情 strengthening the family  
ties  
性别歧视 sexual  
discriminations  
社会保障制度 social  
security  
把虚幻当现实 take fantasy for reality  
抚养 upbringing  
强制的  
compulsory adj.  
历史文物 historic relics  
文盲 illiteracy  
八、时间原则词汇  
受害者 victim n.  
浪费时间 a great waste of time  
不朽的 immortal  
正流行 in vogue  
adj.  
粗俗的  
vulgar  
adj.  
效率  
efficiency  
indulge in  
n.  
扫除文盲 wipe out illiteracy  
六、感情原则词汇  
沉湎于  
沉迷于  
根深蒂固的看法 ingrain notion  
继承 inherit n.  
be obsessed with  
充满深情的 affectionate adj.  
忧虑 anxiety n.  
消磨时光 pass time  
有意义的 instructive adj.  
少数民族 minority n.  
自控  
自律  
挤时间  
占用  
上瘾  
self-control n.  
孤独 apartness  
愉快的 cheerful  
n,  
self-discipline  
squeeze time  
take up  
民族特性 national identity  
民族自豪感 national pride  
思想开放 open-minded adj.  
不流行了的 out of fashion  
外来影响 outside influence  
通俗的 popular adj.  
adj.  
性格相似的  
令人绝望的  
缺乏自信的  
congenial  
adj.  
desperate  
adj.  
be addicted to  
diffident adj.  
九、环保原则词汇  
行为古怪的人 eccentric adj.  
大气污染 atmospheric pollution  
情绪  
emotion n.  
enthusiasm n.  
faithful adj.  
被耗尽  
美化  
be exhausted  
beautification  
begrimed adj.  
宝贵的 precious  
adj.  
热情  
n.  
取其精华去其糟粕 reject the dross and  
忠实的  
鼓励  
污秽的  
assimilate the essence  
foster  
vt.  
化学物质 chemical substances  
表现、象征 represent  
保护 retention n.  
vt.  
n.  
友好的  
失败的  
隔阂  
friendly adj.  
条件  
condition  
conserve  
n.  
frustrated  
保护  
vt.  
社会学  
壮丽的  
时髦的  
表面的  
sociology  
gap  
n.  
沙漠化  
使恶化  
灭绝  
desertification  
deteriorate  
die out  
n.  
splendid adj.  
stylish adj.  
superficial  
和谐的  
harmonious adj.  
vt.  
怀有希望的  
hopeful adj.  
adj.  
忽视  
ignore  
vt.  
一次性产品  
disposable products  
传统文化教育traditional cultural education  
……为骄傲 take pride in  
虐待  
ill-treat vt.  
持久的,耐用的 durable adj.  
生态平衡 ecological  
自卑的  
内向的  
误会  
inferior adj.  
balance  
system  
种族传统 tribal traditions  
introverted  
adj.  
生态系统 ecological  
排放 emit vt.  
多样性  
variety n.  
misunderstanding n.  
optimist n.  
五、道德原则词汇  
乐观者  
悲观的  
反叛的  
浪漫的  
诚挚  
濒临灭绝的物种endangered species  
能源短缺 energy shortage  
虐待 abuse,  
pessimistic adj.  
好斗的 aggressiveadj.  
rebellious  
adj.  
环保的  
使加剧  
风景  
environmentalist n.  
自私自利的人 an egocentric person  
易受社会恶习的侵蚀 be prone to social ills  
虐待儿童 child abuse  
romantic adj.  
sincerity n.  
strained adj.  
exacerbate  
landscape  
vt.  
n.  
紧张的  
城市垃圾 municipal  
城市污水 municipal  
噪声污染 noise  
refuse  
家庭暴力 domestic violence  
有深远的影响 have a tremendous impact  
无知 ignorance  
充耳不闻 turn a deaf ear  
sewage  
不爱交际的 unsociable adj.  
pollution  
热心的  
忧虑  
warm-hearted adj.  
worry n.  
尽可能改善工作环境 optimize the  
不成熟的 immature adj.  
干涉 intervention n.  
environment  
七、权利原则词汇  
农药  
pesticide  
poisonous  
pollutant n.  
ruin v.  
青少年的 juvenile adj.  
指责  
禁止  
accuse vt.  
ban vt./n.  
有毒的  
污染物  
毁灭  
松散的纪律 lax discipline  
引入歧途的 misleading adj.  
天真的 naive  
公然侵犯 brazen encroachment  
公正的 candid adj.  
集体主义 collectivism n.  
水土流失 soil erosion  
土壤污染 soil pollution  
负面的影响 negative role model  
不恰当的材料 offensive material  
家长的过分宽容 parental permissiveness  
犯罪 perpetrate  
秘密的  
confidential adj.  
废气  
废水  
waste  
waste  
gas  
消费者协会  
consumer’s association  
water  
版权  
copyright  
n.  
水体污染 water body pollution  
使变得更坏 worsen v.  
不正当的 perverted adj.  
视为……权利 demand as one’s due  
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第二节:生活话题分类词汇  
一、图表写作常用词汇★★  
二、关于生活体验等(常考,特别重要)★★★  
1. 产品科技含量 technological element of product  
2. 大学生创业 university students’ innovative undertaking  
3. 双赢局面 win-win situation  
表格图table ;图表chartdiagram graph column  
描述:show; describe; illustrate; reveal; represent  
数 字 figure; statistic; percentage; 例  
proportion  
4. 首创精神 pioneering spirit  
5. 振兴中华 make China powerful and strong;  
6. 富裕 affluence  
一般have 10%; at 20%; over 40%  
在面积上in area  
最高peaks; reached a peak/high point  
7. 繁荣 boom  
最低 bottomed out; reached the bottom  
8. 购买力 buying power  
变化 increase; jump; rise; climb; decrease; fall; drop; decline;  
reduce; fluctuate; remain; steady; stable; stay; same  
程度 sudden/suddenly; rapid/rapidly; dramatic/dramatically;  
9. 竞争 competition  
10. 生活费用 cost of living  
11. 解决问题 crack the nuts  
significant/significantly;  
sharp/sharply;  
steep/steeply;  
12. 大家公认 it is universally acknowledged that  
13. 全力以赴 bring one’s talent into full play  
14. 适应新的形势变化 adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to  
new environment/change  
gradual/gradually; slow/slowly; slight/slightly; stable/stably;  
almost; nearly; approximately; exactly; preciselyincrease by  
/decrease by (写出变化幅度)  
合计200 美元 add up to $200 总数达:add up to  
占世界总人数的20% make up 20% of  
15. 获得成功 achieve/accomplish success  
16. 出 观 点  
arguments/ideas  
advance/put forward/come up with  
……增加到 rose/grew/climbed from…to  
增加到 grew up to 增至最高峰:Rise to a high of  
减少到 decrease to 跌至最低谷:drop to a low of  
大幅度增长 increase sharply 飞速:rapidlysharplysteeply  
高居榜首 Top the list/head the chart  
17. 较好地驾驭生活 be a better pilot of one’s life  
18. ……很好的了解 have a better understanding of  
19. 某 种 因 素 考 虑 进 去  
account/consideration;  
take sth. into  
饼状图/圆形图(pie chart)  
稳固下降steady decline  
20. give much thought to  
组成:consist of/be made up of /be composed of  
44%比例:account for /make up 44 percent  
21. 品味人生/自由/青春savor the life/freedom/youth  
22. 交流经验 share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge  
23. 发挥,起到积极作用 play an important/active/great  
role/part  
位居第一:rank the first  
居第二位:in second spot  
仅次于is second to  
倒数第一is the last one  
第二大部份rank the second/the second largest section  
..相比:compared with  
24. 面临困难危险be confronted with danger/difficulty; in the  
face of  
A B 成比例A be in proportion to B  
25. stand in the way of success; be an  
obstacle/barrier to  
差不多:About/around/roughly 多达 as many as  
正好:Exactly/precisely  
水平:level off  
26. 缩小差别 narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and  
country)  
递增:on the rise/increase/grow/rise/climb/go up  
急剧上升: grow sharply;  
27. 把成功/错误归因于 attribute/owe one’s success/failure  
to  
递减:on the decline/decrease/fall/reduce/go down  
曲线图(graph/chart/diagram)柱状图(bar chart)  
增加:increase/grow/rise/climb/go up  
28. ……重要 be vital/important/indispensable to  
29. 施加压力 exert/put pressure on  
减少:decrease/decline/fall/reduce/go down  
剧烈/显著/大幅度:sharply/dramatically/significantly / rapidly  
30. 重视 attach/assign much importance/significance to  
31. 把注意力集中在 focus/concentrate one’s attention/efforts  
upon  
/considerably / enormously/ profoundly/substantially  
平稳/逐渐:steadily / gradually / slightly  
持续上升/下降:on an increase / on the decline  
保持不变:remain stable / remain steady / remain unchanged  
上升后变得平稳:reach a plateau  
32. 抓住机会 grab/seize/take the opportunity  
33. 有可能 there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that  
34. 献身于devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career  
35. 真正重要的是 what really matters/counts is  
36. 影响思想,态度 shape one’s thinking/attitude  
37. 实现自己的理想,愿望 realize/fulfill/achieve one’s  
dream/hope;  
达到顶点/低谷:reach the top/peak / fall to the bottom  
波动: fluctuate /rise and fall  
达到了:reach / approach / add up to / amount to / increase to /  
decrease to  
38. 减轻压力,紧张 reduce/alleviate the stress/pressure  
39. 提高社会地位 upgrade social status; enhance social  
position  
某年发生的变化:1998 saw/ witnessed a sharp increase in….  
1998 年的2 倍:was twice as many as that in 1998  
从图表上看:From these graphs  
40. accelerate/advance/enhance the  
development  
得到结论:draw a conclusion  
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1. 随着生活节奏的加快with the quickening pace of modern  
life  
19. 大学;学院 colleges universities institutes  
20. 同样地;类似地 likewisesimilarly in the same way  
21. ……相似;与……一致;和……等同 be the same as;  
correspond toagree withresemblebe equivalent to  
22. 相反;与……不同;相比而言;另一方面;不过 in contrast;  
by contrast with/to on the other hand on the contrary by  
comparison  
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2. 充满激情have a burning desire for  
3. 充满渴望have a great passion for  
4. 沮丧的gloomy; 客观的 objective; 主观的 subjective  
5. 乐观的 optimistic ;悲观的 pessimistic;  
6. 怨恨的 resentful ;可敬的 respectable  
7. 深远的影响 far-reaching consequences  
8. 以其最强有力的形式 in its strongest form  
9. 挣钱养活自己 earn one’s living  
23. ……不同 different from  
24. 不同之处;差别;差异;区别distinction dissimilarity;  
25. 尖端科学advanced science  
0. 赡养父母 support one’s parents  
26. 一流的设施 first-rate facilities  
1. 普遍现象 common phenomenon  
2. 现代社会 modern society  
27. 扩大知识面 broaden one’s scope of knowledge  
28. 人生观 outlook on life  
3. 相互对立 in opposition to each other  
4. 不管 no matter how  
29. 体验新文化 experience a new culture  
30. 优缺点 strengths and weakness  
31. 高素质、有经验的老师 highly qualified, well experienced  
teaching staffs  
5. 如何对待财富与幸福 how to approach wealth and  
happiness?  
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6. 一个更美好更光明的未来 a much better and brighter  
future  
32. 多文化 multicultural  
33. 脱颖而出 stand out from the crowd  
34. 核心能力 core competencies  
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7. 从失败中吸取教训 draw useful lessons from  
8. 丧失信心并退却了 lose heart and give in  
9. 人民对待……的看法截然不同 people are quite different  
from each other in their opinions on…  
0. 无可否认 there is no denying the fact that  
35. 独立思考 think independently  
36. 挑战 challenge  
37. 机遇 opportunities  
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38. 开阔视野 expand your horizons  
39. 与人交往 integrate with other people  
40. 人际交往能力 interpersonal skill  
41. 建设性 constructive  
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1. 赏识他的非凡的能力 appreciate his exceptional ability  
2. 人才招聘会 job-hunting  
3. 大势所趋 the wave of the future  
4. 一时冲动 an impulse activity  
5. 体力劳动 physical labor  
42. 前景 prospects  
43. 国际声誉 world class reputation  
44. 发挥学习潜能 reach his or her full learning potential  
45. 素质教育 education for all-round development  
46. 知识产权 intellectual property rights  
47.失学儿童 dropout student  
6. 灵活的 flexible  
7. 充分发挥……的积极性 bring one’s initiative into full  
play  
三、关于教育的词汇(非常重要)★★★★  
1. 入学 enter entrance  
48. 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy  
2. 登记;注册 become a member of to enroll enrollment;  
49. 人才外流 brain drain  
registerregistration  
50. 复合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent  
51. 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people  
52. 精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress  
53. 科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the  
nation  
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. 录取 admission be admitted to accept  
. 获取进一步教育 obtain further education  
. 要求;录取条件 requirements  
. 录取标准 admission standards  
. 学习成绩 academic record academic achievements  
. 索要申请材料 request for application material  
. 教育目标 educational goals  
54. 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude  
55. 义务教育 compulsory education  
56. 知识经济 knowledge-based economy  
57. 丰富生活 enrich our life  
0. 文凭 diploma  
11. 学位 degree  
58. 扩大视野 broaden my horizon  
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9. 接触各种思想 be exposed to new ideas/experience  
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2. 教育体制 educational system  
3. 学前教育 pre-school education  
60. have/exert a profound influence on  
life/personality;  
4. 小学 primary schoolselementary schools  
5. 中学 middle schools high schools  
61. have a dramatic/undesirable effect on  
62. 开阔眼界 broaden one’s outlook; expand one’s mental  
horizons  
6. 初中 junior middle school junior high school  
7. 高中 senior middle school senior high school  
8. 职业学校;技术学校 vocational schools technical  
63. 充分发挥能力give full play to one’s ability  
64. 论题,主题:themes  
schools  
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5. 大学毕业生 university graduates  
26. 脱贫致富 shake off poverty and set out on a road to  
prosperity  
6. 儿童教育 child education  
7. 热门话题 hot topic  
27. 突围困难 make breakthrough out of difficulty  
28. 许多问题 a host of/a multitude of problems  
29. 引起人们的注意 attract general/public attention to sth.  
30. 意识到 there is a growing awareness that;  
31. 随着物价和房租迅速上升 with the prices and house  
rents increasing rapidly  
8. 教育专家 educational expert  
9. 保护知识产权 protect intellectual property  
0. 成人教育和职业教育 adult education and vocational  
education  
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1. 文化素质 cultural qualities  
2. 推动 give a push to  
32. 人均收入迅速提高 average personal income increase  
rapidly  
3. 促进进步 promote progress  
4. 概念 concept  
33. 人口的出生率已经大大下降 there has been a great  
decline in birth rates  
5. 改进教和学 improve teaching and learning  
6. 按分数 according to the grades  
7. 培养 train, cultivate  
34. 人民生活改善 the improvement in people’s living conditions  
35. 改革开放政策 the reform and opening-up policy  
36. 国民经济正在迅速发展 there has been a rapid expansion of  
national economy  
8. 地区性的 regional  
9. 读写困难 difficulties for employment  
0. 就业机会 opportunities for employment  
1. 受过良好教育 well-educated  
2. 遗憾的是 it is a pity that  
37. 出生率已得到控制 the birth rate has been put on the control  
38. ……的生存造成显著的威胁 cause the most significant  
threat to the survival of …  
3. 造成了困难 cause some difficulties  
39. 日益增长的需求 ever-increasing demand  
40. 满足人民日益增长的需求 meet the growing needs of  
people  
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4. 希望工程 Hope Project  
5. 青年志愿者 Young Volunteers  
6. 有用的知识 useful knowledge  
7. 创新 innovation  
41. 死亡率/出生率 death rates; birth rates  
42. 医疗保健的改革 the improvement in medical care  
43. 假冒伪劣商品 fake and inferior products  
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8. 分析的技巧 analytical skill  
四、关于住房、生活条件等的词汇★★  
44. 多余的 redundant  
45. 难以抗拒的 irresistibly  
46. 房地产 real estates  
47. 刺激 spur  
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. 生活条件 living conditions  
. 归因于 be attributed to  
. 提高……的能力 enhance the ability to  
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8. 动摇信心 shatter confidence  
. 生活水平  
living standard  
. 刺激人们对……的渴望 stimulate people’s desire for  
. 制定政策 formulate policies  
49. 大城市 metropolis  
50. 空调 air-conditioning; air-conditioner;(空调机)  
51. 远远超过 far surpass  
. ……提供贷款 grant loans to  
. 拨出大量资金 allocate huge funds for  
. 象征 serve as a symbol of  
52. 左右为难 dilemma  
53. 代价太高 high cost  
0. 改进生活better one’s life  
54. 与日俱增 increase every day  
55. 生活质量 the quality of life  
1.随着物价和房租迅速上升 with the prices and house rents  
increasing rapidly  
56. 偏远地区 remote areas  
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2. 高层建筑 high buildings  
57. 高层建筑 high-rising building  
58. 住房建设 housing construction  
59. 从长远的观点看 in the long run  
60. 境况 circumstance  
3. 涌入城市 rush into the city  
4. 前景不容乐观  
the condition is still far from being  
satisfactory  
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5. 当务之急是 it is urgent for us to …  
6. 开拓地下空间 open up underground housing area  
7. 住房问题 housing problem  
8. 公寓 flat  
61. 必然结论 inevitable conclusion  
62. 广大农村 vast rural areas  
63. 推广 spread  
64. ……应用于生产 apply…to production  
65. 温饱问题 the people’s basic need for food and clothing  
66. 消费者协会 consumer association  
67. 小康生活 living a relatively comfortable life  
68. 不容忽视 cannot be ignored  
69. 生活环境变得卫生 living environment become sanitary  
9. 买房 buy accommodation  
0. 首付 down payment  
1. 院子 yard  
2. 选择合适的房址 choose a proper location  
3. 当地居民 local residents  
4. 当地政府 local authorities  
5. 计划生育 birth control  
五、关于互联网的词汇★★★  
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. 互联网  
the Internet  
violence  
. 着迷,为所困扰  
. 网恋 cyber romance  
. ……表现出极大的兴趣  
be obsessed with  
15. 将不良影响减小到最低点 reduce the bad influence to a  
minimum  
to display much interest in  
16. 避免不良后果avoid harsh consequences  
17. 青少年犯罪 juvenile delinquency  
18. 拜金主义 money worship  
19. 虐待儿童 child abuse  
. 引起人们的兴趣和注意 to arouse people’s interest and  
concern  
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. 找出……的原因 to trace the reason for...  
. 由于thanks to (好的方面) due to(不好的方面)  
. 高度的压力 high pressure  
20. 人们认为 it is generally /widely believed/held/agreed that  
21. 剥夺机会 deprive oneself of the chance/right  
22. 电视暴力对青少年行为有很大的影响力 violence on TV has  
a great influence on young adults’ behavior  
23. 为了维护社会治安 in order to keep law and order  
24. 应该接受法律教育 should be supposed to get a law  
education  
. 被剥夺  
to be deprived of  
0. 在现实生活中 in real life  
1. 爱上某人 to fall in love with sb.  
2. 虚幻的世界  
3. 尝试新事物  
4. 说谎  
unreal world  
to try new things  
to tell lies  
25. 越来越多的人increasing number of people  
26. 流行的,时尚的 faddy  
5. 形成正确态度 develop a correct attitude  
6. 正确利用 to make proper use of  
27. 提供营养 nourish  
7. 成为……的牺牲品  
to fall victim to  
28. 饥饿 starvation  
8. 网上经营 web business  
29. 营养不良 malnutrition  
9. 网上文化 online culture  
七、关于自然生态环境保护的词汇(9900 真题)  
1. 保护环境 to protect the environment  
2. 生态系统 ecology; ecological system  
3. 丰富的自然资源 abundant natural resources  
4. 可再生资源 renewable resources  
0. 大众传播媒介 mass media  
1. 网上购物 on-line shopping  
2. 发电子邮件 forward an e-mail  
3. 网络经济 Cyber Economy  
4. 网上冲浪 surf the net  
5. 石油petroleum;太阳能 solar energy; 电力electric power;  
水电hydropower; 风能wind energy; 核能nuclear energy;  
6. 野生动物wild life; wild animals  
5. 技术进步 technological advancement  
6. 跟得上变化 keep up with the change  
7. 计算机的发明 invention of computers  
8. 信息安全 information security  
7. 濒临灭绝的物种endangered species  
8. 用尽 to deplete; depletion of; exhaust; use up  
9. 滥用地球资源abuse the earth’s resources  
10. 砍伐森林deforestation  
9. 盲目追逐时尚 follow some fashion blindly  
0. 形成不良活习气 be tempted into an unhealthy lifestyle  
1. 信息网络 information network  
11. 沙漠化desertification  
2. 影响人们行为举止 influence the way that people behave  
3. 视觉娱乐节目 visual entertainment  
4. 易受影响的 susceptible  
12. 危害现存物种endanger existing species  
13. 全球变暖global warming  
14. 温室效应 greenhouse effect  
5. 科技的发展 advance in science and technology  
15. 破坏臭氧层 to destroy the ozone layer  
16. 继续发展to continue to develop;  
六、关于青少年犯罪和生活的词汇  
1. 青少年犯罪率 adolescent crime rate  
17. 保护to save; to preserve; preservation  
18. 为了子孙后代for the future generations; for our descendants  
19. 为进一步发展for further development  
20. 重复利用;再生to recycle; recycling  
21. 垃圾garbage ;废物waste  
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. 持续上升 keep on a rise  
. 违反法律 break the law  
. 应该是 re supposed to be  
. 引起警惕和关注 cause alarm and attention  
. 放火, 纵火 arson  
22. 工业废料industrial waste  
. 在大街上抢劫同龄人 rob their peers on the street  
. 社会和经济背景 social and economic backgrounds  
. 青少年罪犯 young offenders  
23. 废液liquid waste;废水water waste;废气exhaust gas  
24. 可持续发展sustainable development;  
25. 解决问题 solve problem  
0. 青少年犯罪率的升降 the rise and fall of adolescent crime  
26. 能源危机 energy crisis  
rate  
27. 环境恶化 the deterioration of environment  
28. 携手 make joint efforts  
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1. 保持在最低点remain at a minimum  
2. 预测后果predict the consequences  
29. 可居住 habitable  
3. 尽可能接受更多的教育 receive as much education as  
30. 生态环境破坏 destruction of ecological balance  
31. 大量砍伐树木cut down large numbers of trees  
32. 化工厂 chemical plant  
possible  
14. 使他们免受暴力的影响protect them from the influence of  
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3. 污染 contaminate  
n.  
84. 保护生态环境 environmental protection  
85. 用尽珍贵的资源 use up valuable energy resources  
86. 保存资源 conserve resources  
八、关于吸烟的词汇(样题)  
1. 惊人的增长an alarming increase  
2. 工业国家industrial countries  
4. 排出一大堆废水 drain a large amount of waste water  
5. 发出强烈的味道 give off a strong smell  
6. 公共危害 public hazard  
7. 采取强烈措施 adopt several strong measures  
8. 一系列的环境保护条例必须制定 a series of environment  
protection rules and regulations need to be laid down  
9. 尽快 as soon as possible  
3. 发展中国家developing countries  
4. 肺癌lung cancer  
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0. 保护生态环境 preserve the ecological environment  
1. 控制我们的环境 take control over our environment  
2. ……而遭受痛苦 be plagued with  
3. 产生灾难性的影响 exert a disastrous effect on  
4. 全球气候 global climate  
5. 慢性支气管炎和肺气肿chronic bronchitis and emphysema  
6. 死于,因……而死亡die of  
7. 抽烟引起的疾病smoking-related diseases  
8. 戒烟give up smoking  
9. 为了……for the sake of  
5. 山洪爆发 mountain torrents break out  
6. 淹没农田 flood farmland  
10. 想尽一切办法try every means  
11. 提高生产promote the production  
12. 急剧增长